1900 Buganda Agreement and Land Reforms in Uganda

The forests that will be reserved for government control will generally be those forests to which no private claim can be rightly made, and they will be forests of some continuity that should be preserved as forests in the general interest of the country. Ofwono Opondo`s article, which is clearly well documented but out of place, claims that Mengo is wrong and will never bring the rest of Uganda to its knees out of arrogance. He also begs the Kabaka and his subjects to realize that no one will be favored if he is allowed to live, work or even own land or other property in Buganda, as this is an integral part of Uganda and the law allows every Ugandan to live wherever he wants without fear. to be deported. The Uganda Agreement, 1900 (See Indigenous Agreement and Indigenous Laws of Buganda, Laws of the It is a fact that what is now called Buganda is the result of wars of subjugation and annexation that extended the kingdom beyond its borders. Certainly, through the annexation of these territories, its inhabitants, wealth, resources and lands were also given to Buganda by the colonialists as a gift. This explains why there are so many ethnic groups in Buganda who refused to be equated with the Baganda way of life, but were detained in Buganda due to the 1900 Buganda Agreement between Buganda and Uganda. Implicitly, Uganda claims to have amended the Buganda Agreement of 1900, to which it was a party, to reflect the current desires of the people who use the land. In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving in Tanganyika for the past sixteen years. He was convinced that relations between Uganda and the Protecting Power should be of a different character from that between the local authorities and the Government of Tanganyika. [9] Recognizing that early protectorate officials had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell devised a plan for reform and reshaping the system between the Protectorate and Buganda governments. [10] He claimed that the relationship between the protectorate government and the Buganda indigenous government was one of a protected rather than indirect regime, and planned to replace the position of provincial commissioner of Buganda with a resident and remove officials from the central district, assuming that the kabaka would be obliged to follow the advice of the resident and his staff.

[9] However, under the Uganda Agreement of 1900, the Kabaka was only required to respond to this advice if the Lukiiko resolutions were implemented. Relations between the Kabaka, the Protectorate government and its ministers deteriorated, and due to the governor`s limited power under the 1900 agreement to impose his council on Kabaka, the reorganization led to a steady decline in the influence that the Protectorate government could exert in Buganda. When Museveni went to war in the jungle, he invited Baganda to help him with the promise that he would restore the kingdom and all its possessions.[9] Since then, he has returned some of the possessions, but the Baganda have repeatedly demanded the rest, which must have prompted him to reconsider his promise. Each coronation anniversary was an opportunity to call on the central government to keep its promise; The government must have been tired of this request, so a commission of inquiry into land affairs was set up, and I believe it was a conspiracy to use its recommendation to launch a plan to abolish the Mailo land system. In the report of the seven-member commission to the president, Judge Bamugemereire had proposed that all land in the country be registered in order to minimize land disputes, increase security of ownership and create pathways for optimal land use. Judge Bamugemereire has since denied being used as a canal to abolish Mailo Land, but instead supported the creation of a single land ownership for Uganda. 16. Until Her Majesty`s Government has deemed it appropriate to develop and adopt a forest regulation, this agreement does not authorize the forest rights that may be granted to the indigenous peoples of Uganda.

however, it is agreed, on behalf of Her Majesty`s Government, that in establishing these forest regulations, the claims of the Baganda people regarding the acquisition of timber for construction, firewood and other products from forests or uncultivated countries will be made and that arrangements will be made to exercise these rights free of charge under reasonable safeguards against abuse. .