What Human Rights Violations Were Committed under the Martial Law

The Main Mandate of the Commission is to establish, restore, preserve and preserve a memorial museum, library, archives and compendium in honour of victims of human rights violations (VRC) under the Marcos regime, who were included in the list of victims of human rights violations established by the Human Rights Victims Claims Council (HRVCB). It also has the task of posting the list of victims in government offices and public places and preparing a collection of their victims. Marcos` human rights process lasted for decades when victims of human rights violations under the Marcos regime, or relatives of victims, came forward to claim damages. Cases have taken place to follow that marcos Estate funds were held in international accounts. There have been counter-appeals to reprimand or redirect these demands. Eventually, Marco`s investments in Texas real estate were exploited. Some victims were compensated with these funds, while others had already died. Nevertheless, this case was intended to serve as a precedent for reparations for victims of human rights violations under dictatorial regimes around the world. Finally, the government banned the return of Marcos, his family members, and some of his supporters to the Philippines for more than three years on national security grounds and to prevent them from escaping U.S. prosecution. Marcos died in Hawaii shortly after U.S. courts began hearing charges brought against him by the U.S.

government for money laundering and other fraudulent transactions. With the support of the Hawai`i Council of Humanities, the Ferdinand Marcos Human Rights Litigation collection will be available as a series in the Jon Van Papers. These documents are important today because the issue of martial law in the Philippines has not been resolved. Understanding how Jon Van studied human rights issues can awaken the willingness and sharpness of others to tackle similar issues today. Finally, in 1988, a multi-million pesos damages lawsuit filed in 1982 by former political prisoners against senior army officers for torture and other human rights violations (Aberca v. Fabian Ver, et al.), finally began a trial in 1988. The officials were found guilty about six years later, but an appeal to a higher court halted the execution of the decision. The HRVCB has been tasked with receiving, assessing, investigating and adjudicating requests for reparation and/or recognition of victims of human rights violations (VRC).

The Board was tasked with determining the admissibility, nature and extent of the human rights violation committed, awarding points if necessary, and then distributing monetary compensation to eligible claimants. The HRVCB can also recognize motu proprio victims of human rights violations, apart from those who have filed claims. It has also been mandated to establish non-monetary reparations provided by existing government agencies such as the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), the Ministry of Health (DOH), the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), the Ministry of Education (DEpEd) and the Higher Education Commission (CHED). Much of the extrajudicial executions – known as « recovery » in the Philippines – are attributed to the police, who believed death was a better form of justice than allowing a suspect who may or may not be politically involved to remain free. Rescues and other abuses were never contained by the Marcos government and continued in the Aquino government. This « subculture of tyranny and oppression » within the police department (and the military) has been the main cause of hundreds of cases of torture, enforced disappearances, and other human rights violations that remain unresolved to this day.6 Meanwhile, the Presidential Committee on Human Rights (PCHR), appointed by President Aquino, has received complaints of human rights violations. In 1987, the Working Group on Detainees in the Philippines, one of the country`s leading human rights organizations, filed about 700 complaints of various human rights violations. PCHR`s successor, the Human Rights Commission, received 12,000 complaints in the first six years of its existence. However, only half of the complaints under investigation reached the Public Prosecutor`s Office and the courts. And of the 200 cases decided, only fifty have been convicted.

Under Republic Act No. 10368, the Philippine Government recognizes that there have been victims of summary executions, torture, enforced or involuntary disappearances and other serious human rights violations committed under the regime of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos between 21 September 1972 and 25 February 1986. The same law also provides for monetary and non-monetary reparations for the identified victims, which come from $10,000,000.00, which are part of the funds transferred by the Swiss Federal Court to the Republic of the Philippines and judged by the Supreme Court as Marco`s ill-gotten wealth. Filipino human rights defenders stressed: « Never again martial law! » But the declaration of martial law on the island of Mindanao by current Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte challenges those who experienced the horrors of the Marcos era. 2. The Philippine Government should regularly inform the Swiss authorities of the same procedures, as well as of the precautions and procedures relating to the compensation of victims of human rights violations under the Marcos regime. The Philippine government should regularly inform the Swiss authorities of the same procedures, as well as of the precautions and procedures relating to the compensation of victims of human rights violations under the Marcos regime. The TRI of R.A. 10368 was adopted by the HRVCB on 12 May 2014 after consultation with victims` organizations, local and international human rights and justice lawyers and government agencies.

Immediately after, applications were accepted at the HRVCB office of the University of the Philippines and in various cities of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao to reach as many victims as possible. Many Filipino citizens continued to resist abuse even after his regime ended. While Marcos may not have been present with the police or military personnel who perpetrated the abductions, tortures, and killings of dissidents, his position as commander of the security forces, as documented in this General Order No. 1, charged him with a central role in these human rights violations. After all, there is still a deep-rooted bureaucracy that favors politicians and the rich. It is exactly the same bureaucracy used by the Marcos government to commit electoral fraud, displace poor communities for government programs and projects, prosecute prosecutions that hide the political nature of criminal charges against alleged members of the armed opposition, and obstruct a full investigation into human rights violations. Shortly thereafter, in 1997, the Swiss Federal Supreme Court found that a large part of the Marcos Foundation`s assets in Swiss banks were also of criminal origin. This was achieved through the efforts of the Presidential Commission on Good Governance (PCGG), which was created to recover the ill-gotten wealth that Ferdinand Marcos, his family and close associates had accumulated. The Swiss government authorized the return of these assets to the Philippine government on two conditions: the nine-member board of directors (9), headed by Lina Sarmiento as president, immediately began its work after its appointment by President Benigno Aquino and the swearing-in on 14 February 2014.